The home-buying process is complex, especially for first-time buyers. The debt to-income ratio is one of the criteria mortgage lenders use when assessing your mortgage application. Your debt-to income ratio is a comparison between how much debt you have (your debt) and how much income you make (your earnings). This number is calculated using your gross income, which is the income before taxes.
Lenders will be more impressed by a lower ratio of debt to income if you have a healthy mix of debt and income. A higher ratio of debt to income means that you have too much debt. This could lead to lenders deeming you a risky borrower. Although the DTI is not the only factor that determines how much you can borrow it is important to understand this before you start the home loan process.
A debt-to income ratio of 20% means that 20% is going towards debt payments. This includes cumulative debt payments. Think credit card payments and car payments.
A The Mortgage reports breakdown shows that a good ratio of debt to income is at least 43%. According to LendingTree, many lenders might want to see a DTI closer to 35%. Depending on which loan you are applying for, a ratio closer to 45% may be acceptable. However, a ratio of 50% or more can cause concern.
Simply put, too much debt relative the income of your household will make it more difficult to get a loan. Many common forms of debt, such as student loans and credit cards, can make it difficult to qualify for home loans.
Lenders want to ensure that borrowers aren’t taking on too much debt. Lenders may decline mortgage applications if you have a high DTI.
It is easy to calculate your DTI. Simply add up your monthly total debt payments and divide that by your gross monthly income.
Let’s suppose you have $1,000 monthly student loan payments, a car payment, and a credit card payment. Your gross monthly income is $5,000. Divide 1,000 (your total debt) by 5,000 (your income), and you get 0.2. This is 20%. In this example, your DTI would be 20%.
You can lower your DTI before you apply for a mortgage if you are concerned that it may stop you from getting the home loan you want. This usually means increasing your income or paying down debt.
A debt consolidation personal loans will help consolidate credit card debt from multiple cards. You can also use this loan to organize all your payments into one monthly payment with a lower interest rate. You can pay off the balance quicker by reducing interest. You might also consider a balance-transfer credit card to transfer your balance to a new card offering a 0% intro rate. You can get a longer period of time without being charged interest and pay off your principal faster.
You should consider all costs associated with buying a home when applying for a mortgage. This includes private mortgage Insurance (PMI) (if your down payment is less than 20%), property taxes, mortgage interest, inspections, appraisals and closing costs.
It’s expensive, no doubt. You can make it more affordable by finding a lender that helps you save. This will help you save money on the initial process.
Lenders want to ensure that you don’t take on too much debt. To calculate how much of your income goes towards debt payments, they use a ratio called the debt-to-income ratio.
The DTI is not the only thing a lender will consider. Don’t be discouraged if your DTI exceeds what most lenders prefer. It is best to calculate your DTI sooner than you think. This will give you enough time to reduce your debt and increase your income, so that you can lower your DTI.